The settlement first appeared in a document regarding a street toll granted by the count of Holland Floris V to the residents apud Amestelledamme ‘at the dam in the Amstel’ or ‘on the dam of Amstelland’. This allowed the inhabitants of the village to journey freely through the County of Holland, paying no tolls at bridges, locks and dams. Amsterdam was based at the Amstel, that was dammed to manage flooding, and the city’s name derives from the Amstel dam. Originating as a small fishing village within the late 12th century, Amsterdam turned some of the essential ports in the world in the course of the Dutch Golden Age of the 17th century, and have become the leading centre for finance and commerce. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the city expanded and a lot of new neighbourhoods and suburbs were planned and constructed.
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